Attracting birds to gardens and parks, vegetable gardens, fields and forest landings is not so troublesome and difficult. It does not require much labor or large expenses, but it brings tangible results.
Attraction of birds usually begins long before the nesting period begins. For this purpose, in the gardens, parks, and sometimes just on the window sills, they arrange feeders, in which they feed daily - various seeds, bread crumbs, dry rowan berries, elderberries, etc., harvested from the fall. Birds quickly find such feeders, get used to them and constantly visit them until they break into nesting pairs. Many sedentary birds in the area tend to nest near such permanent feeders.
Birdhouses with round and square flats
Sparrows, nuthatching, bullfinches are most often visited, in the forest parks - waxwings, various tits (large, gaiters, blue tit, Muscovites, crested). For tits, it is good to hang slices of unsalted lard on a feeder or on a tree near it.
It’s very easy to set up a feeder. A plywood sheet with low sides along the edges is attached to the windowsill. In a garden or park, such a sheet of plywood can be nailed to a low column dug into the ground. It is good to make a roof over such a feeder so that the feed does not fall asleep with snow and does not flood.
In this way, you can attract settled or wintering birds to gardens and parks. The bulk of useful birds for the winter flies to the more southern regions and they need to be attracted to nesting sites in early spring.
To do this, artificial nests of birdhouses and hollows are hung in gardens and parks. Make them very simple. It is better if the lid of the house is removable, then in the autumn it is easier to clean, and this must be done - after all, various bird parasites often winter in old nests. Nests with slits will not occupy birds, so all even the smallest slots should be covered with ordinary window putty. Nests are hung on trees, under the roofs, and for starlings they simply nail on a pole dug in the ground or nailed to the roof. The height of the hanging nesting does not play a significant role, but it is better to hang them at a height of 3 - 6 m above the ground so that people do not frighten the birds. The holes of the tap hole should not be turned north - the birds do not like this.
In cities and rural areas, the main enemies of small birds are cats. To protect the nest from cats, you need to tie a tree trunk with prickly branches from below or wrap it with barbed wire.
Quite a few bird species can nest in birdhouses and hollows. In the middle lane, they are occupied by starling, pied flycatcher, white-fly flycatcher, gray flycatcher, common redstart, great tit, less often - nuthatch, blue tit, crested tit and some others. All these birds live mainly in tall forests and groves.
Nesting sites for gray flycatchers
Birds of shrubs and open spaces nest openly, and artificial nests do not attract them. In the middle lane, such birds include various warblers, warblers, some warblers, shrike, as well as grain-eating birds that feed their chicks with insects, such as linnet and some others.
To attract them to nesting in gardens, it is necessary to plant a separate group of bushes (for example, currants, gooseberries, raspberries, etc.), and replace the fences (or reinforce them) with hedges from thorny bushes of gledichia, hawthorn, rose hip. This will create favorable conditions for nesting, and the birds will certainly stay here. You should only constantly protect them from cats. Other predators will not cause serious damage to birds.
Nesting sites for gray flycatchers
In order to save birds that make nests on the ground, all gardening and gardening work (plowing, mowing grass, cutting trimmed branches, digging, etc.) should be performed either at the beginning of nesting (for the middle lane - in April - early May), or after the departure of the chicks from the nests (in the beginning or first decade of July). These terms are accordingly shifted if the spring is cold, prolonged.
It is necessary to protect birds of prey everywhere. Attracting them is more difficult, but possible. To do this, it is recommended to set high columns in the fields on which birds sit down to rest or eat caught prey. In no case should you shoot birds of prey accidentally flying into the garden or garden, including hawks.
Various nesting designs: for wagtails (above) and a titmouse with a hinged lid (bottom)
In dry places, to attract birds, you need to pour water into shallow wooden or tin troughs dug into the ground or simply make small indentations in the ground where water will stagnate after watering. It is better to arrange such water bodies near paths and roads, at a distance of 250-350 m from one another. Birds will drink and swim here.
Hollow hole hollowed out of a log with a rotten core
As soon as birds occupy the nests prepared for them and nesting pairs appear, chemical pest control methods can be completely abandoned.
The experience of the Botanical Garden of Moscow University, where chemical methods of controlling insects are not used at all, showed that birds can completely protect plantings from pests. To do this, you only need to be careful and attentive to the birds, guard their nests, regularly feed in the winter.
How to attract birds
This article is co-written by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS. Dr. Elliot, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and the treatment of companion animals. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987 with a degree in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery. He has been working in the same animal clinic in his hometown for over 20 years.
The number of sources used in this article is 14. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.
Along with the fact that the singing of songbirds (including finches, thrushes and even field sparrows) is so pleasant to hear, these days these birds are becoming less and less due to the reduction in their natural habitat. However, being a bird lover and owning your own garden, you can help the birds by arranging ideal conditions for your favorite birds in your garden. Full feeders and swimming pools, as well as safe nesting places will make your garden so attractive for birds that you yourself will be surprised at how many different species of birds begin to visit it.
How to attract birds
It is necessary to plant plants that are suitable for nesting, as well as hang birdhouses and titmouses.
In the spring, it is necessary to trace in which places the birds nest. Near these places it is better not to go often. When the hatching period begins, the birds will not abandon the nest, even if you scare them.
Birds that fly in the summer usually start to nest on their own. For example, warblers settle in raspberries, and wagtails live under the roof.
Some birds settle on the site in the winter. The most useful of these is the tit. It can get pests even from places that other birds usually cannot reach. Tits bred a large number of chicks at a time, so they usually need a lot of insects to feed them. Attracting a titmouse is not so easy. Sparrows often fly in their place.
In winter, they can often be seen and heard, as they seek food near human housing. They nevertheless nest in the forest.
In winter, under the bark of various trees, you can find many pests, which are excellent food for tits.
To lure a tit into your area, hang a feeder. The best option would be an ordinary cell. Hang it up and open the door. In the cage, you can put a plastic bottle with a hole for the feed. The bird quickly gets used to such a feeder.
The advantage of the cell is that it has a bottom. When a titmouse drops a seed, it does not fall to the ground, but simply to the bottom of the feeder. For example, bullfinches do not peck feed from a bottle. They eat it from the surface.
What to feed
Too many birds, such as sparrows, adore ordinary seeds. They fly in flocks, and begin to actively peck them. But they scatter a lot of feed and eat it in large quantities. Lots of food pecks and magpie. Jay also has a good appetite.
In addition to sunflower seeds, millet, pumpkin seeds, millet, and also oats can be poured into the feeder. You can crumble wheat bread.
Waxwings and bullfinches love viburnum and mountain ash. For them, you can also pour elderberry.
Using a bottle with a hole as a feeder is not very convenient. There is a better option.
You need to take a plastic bottle, and make 4 holes directly above the bottom. Pass 2 sticks crosswise into these holes. They should fit tightly and protrude at least 3 cm from the bottle from each edge.
Between the inserted sticks, at a short distance from the bottom, we make 4 holes of a square shape about 5 cm in size. If the bottle shakes, seeds from it will sprinkle. Tits will easily peck them one at a time.
It is recommended to hang such a feeder on a tree as high as you can. Wrap a soft wire around the neck and tie it on a branch. Tits of different species will feed here.
Even if you hang only one feeding trough, there is no doubt that a lot of birds will fly to the site. They will not fly far from her, looking for food in the trees. If you look closely at the surface of white snow in the garden in winter, you can see small black particles of bark. This is a sign that the tits actively seek out various pests in the cortex and eat them.
Making a feeder to attract birds to the garden is very simple. For food for them, too, do not have to spend a lot. But this technique is a great way to save your energy and money during the season. There will be much less pests in the garden.