Useful Tips

Working with text in Adobe Illustrator

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The text along the path is located along the edge of the open or closed path. When you enter text horizontally, characters are placed parallel to the baseline. When you enter text vertically, characters are placed perpendicular to the baseline. In any case, the text is placed in the direction in which the points were added to the outline.

Contour text input

To create horizontal text along a path, select the Text tool or the Text on path tool.

To create vertical text along a path, select the Vertical Text tool or the Vertical Text Contour tool.

If the contour is closed, you must use the tool "Text on the contour."

When you enter text that does not fit in an area or along a path, a small square with a plus sign (+) is displayed next to the lower border of the bounding box.

To display inappropriate text, you can resize the text area or lengthen the outline. You can also link multiple text blocks.

For a video on how to create text on a path, see Placing text on a path.

Move or flip text along a path

Brackets will appear - at the beginning of the text, at the end of the path and in the middle between the start and end brackets.

To move text around an outline, drag the center bracket along the outline. To prevent text from appearing mirrored on the other side of the path, press and hold the Ctrl key (on Windows) or the Command key (on Mac OS).

To flip text along the path, drag the bracket across the path. Or, choose Text> Contour Text> Contour Text Options, then Mirror, and then click OK.

Tip. To move text through a path without changing the direction of the text, use the Baseline Offset option in the Character panel. For example, if there is text that goes from left to right along the outer side of the circle, then you can enter a negative value for the "Baseline Offset" parameter so that the text moves inside the circle.

For a video on how to create text on a path, see Placing text on a path.

Applying Effects to Outline Text

The effects of the text on the path allow you to distort the orientation of the characters on the path. Before applying these effects, you need to create text along the path.

Choose Text> Contour Text, and select an effect from the submenu.

Choose Text> Contour Text> Contour Text Options. Then select the desired parameter in the Effect menu and press the OK button.

Note. Applying the “Gravity” effect to text on a perfectly round contour leads to the same result as the “Rainbow” effect by default. The effect functions as expected on contours that are oval, square, rectangular or irregular in shape.

Adjust vertical alignment of text

Top extension

Align the top of the font.

Align the bottom of the font.

Alignment in the middle between the top and bottom extension of the font.

Baseline alignment. This is the default setting.

Note. Symbols without an upper or lower extension element (for example, the letter “e”) or without a baseline (for example, an apostrophe) are vertically aligned with symbols that have upper extension elements, lower extension elements, and base lines. These font sizes are set unchanged in the font designer.

Tip. To get more control over vertical alignment, use the Baseline Offset option in the Character panel. For example, you can enter a negative value in the Baseline Offset field, which allows you to shift the text down.

Placing text vertically

It should be recognized that the text is placed vertically not so often, but sometimes they still resort to this option, for example, when creating logos, banners and other similar graphic elements. Let's try to add a vertical inscription to fig. 3.

Fig. 3. Original image

Choose tool Vertical Type Tool (Text vertically) and enter the text. In this case, it is necessary that the text is read from bottom to top, and not from top to bottom, as it turns out by default. Therefore, rotate the text 180 ° by right-clicking on it and choosing the command Transform => Rotate (Transformation => Rotate) and then call up the panel Character (Headset). To open this panel, select the text, right-click and select the command Size => Other (Size => Other) - the panel will open, but in a shortened version. You can open it by pressing a key combination Ctrl + T. To see all options in the palette Characterclick on the button Show options (Show options) located in the upper right corner of the panel. Select the font and its size, and then format the created text by going to the tab Paragraph (Paragraph) and clicking on the button Align center (Center). The result may resemble pic. 7.

Fig. 4. The result of vertical text entry (enlarged version)

Fig. 5. Setting font options in the Character panel

Fig. 6. Formatting text in the Paragraph panel

Fig. 7. The final appearance of the text placed vertically

Placing text on a curve

Simple and convenient text tool Path type toollocated in the dropdown menu of the panel Type tool, allows you to arrange text in almost any way. For example, a tool Pen (Pen) create a path of arbitrary shape, for example as in fig. 8, - note that the curve to be created should be absent as a fill (Fill) and the boundary (Stroke) After that select the tool Path type tool, click at the beginning of the curve and type in the desired text. Select the text and adjust its parameters (font, size, color, etc.).

Fig. 8. The appearance of the curve

Fig. 9. Curve text input

It is possible that the typed text will be unsuccessfully located on the curve. Correcting the situation is very simple - select a tool Direct selection, position the mouse on the perpendicular line at the beginning of the text and move the text along the path while holding down the left mouse button.

Fig. 10. Moving text along a curve

Very popular is the placement of text around the circumference. Consider this option using the example of a conventional button. Create a new contour on top of the button in the form of a circle, and make the layer with the button temporarily invisible (so that the button does not interfere with the work), select the tool Path type tool, click anywhere on the boundary of the circle, type the desired text and adjust its parameters and position. Perhaps the result will look the same as in fig. 13.

Fig. 11. Original button appearance

Fig. 12. The appearance of a circle shape on top of the button

Fig. 13. Appearance of the button with the text located in a circle above the button

With the same success, the text can be placed along the contour and inside the button - for this it is enough to reduce the size of the circle-contour and move it as needed. And you can go the other way. There is a special option for moving text relative to the curve. Baseline shift (Offset relative to the main line) in the panel Character - just set for option Baseline shift negative value and the text will be shifted to the other side of the curve. True, in order to make the text look proportional to the button in the same panel Character need to reduce its size. The result will look the same as in the previous case. In the palette Character there are other interesting options for changing the position of the text - for example, you can change the distance between characters by editing the value in the window Tracking (Tracking).

Fig. 14. Appearance of the button with the text located on a circle inside the button

Fig. 15. Change the position of the text relative to the curve

Fig. 16. Increasing the letter spacing - the appearance of the button and the status of the Character panel

Sometimes it is necessary that the text is not located at the top of the circle, but at the bottom. If you just turn it, the text will be upside down. To get the normal position of the text, select it with the tool Selection and drag the line marking the beginning of the text so that the text fits the way you want. If desired, it is easy to place the text inside the button, changing the value in the field Baseline shift (Offset relative to the main line) - in this example, a value of 9.15 pixels came up. As a result, the button began to resemble the one shown in Fig. eighteen.

Fig. 17. Appearance of a button with text located under a circle

Fig. 18. Appearance of a button with text at the bottom of a circle

An interesting option is the placement of the text in a spiral. To try it out, use the tool Spiral (Spiral) and create a spiral with a sufficiently large number of turns, for example, as in Fig. 19. Select a tool Path type tool, click anywhere on the boundary of the circle, type the desired text and adjust its parameters and position. Perhaps the result will resemble rice. 20. The text located in a spiral looks even more spectacular, the size of which gradually decreases when moving inside the spiral. This effect is not difficult to achieve if, when the tool is activated Path type tool sequentially select text fragments and reduce the text size in them (Font size) on 1 pixel in panel Character. As a result, the text will resemble the one shown in Fig. 21. It will look even more interesting against a suitable texture background.

Fig. 19. The appearance of the curve in the form of a spiral

Fig. 20. The appearance of the text in a spiral

Fig. 21. The appearance of the text in a spiral with the effect of reducing the size of the text

Fig. 22. Text in a spiral pattern on a texture

Placing text inside an area

If you need to enter text inside a limited area, then this is easy to do with a tool Area type tool (Text inside the area).

For example, let's try to create a regular leader. Form a rounded rectangle shape, add two new anchor points at the bottom Pen (Pen) and pull out the left of them in the form of a guide corner of the leader. You may be able to make a callout resembling that shown in fig. 23. If it is used as a form for filling with text, then in the future it will not be possible to draw up its border and fill. So make a second copy of the leader - copy the leader to the clipboard, and then paste to the foreground with the command Edit => Paste in Front (Edit => Paste to Front). Select one of the callouts with the tool Direct selectionactivate tool Area type tool (Text inside the area), click on the border of the area and enter the text. The result may resemble pic. 24 - note that thanks to the second copy of the leader after entering the text, the border of the leader did not disappear, which otherwise happened.

Fig. 23. The initial appearance of the leader

Fig. 24. Appearance of a leader after inserting text

Obviously, the size of the leader was chosen poorly for the given text, so select each leader one at a time - empty with a black border and a leader with text without a border - and change their size. Then center the text by pressing a key combination Ctrl + T panel Charactergo to the tab Paragraph and click on the button Align center (Center). And finally, select a more suitable font and fill for the copy of the leader and apply a shadow with the command Effect => Stylize => Drop Shadow (Effect => Stylize => Overlay the shadow). Perhaps, in the end, your leader will be like the one shown in fig. 27.

Fig. 25. The result of adjusting the size of callouts

Fig. 26. Appearance of a leader after centering the text

Fig. 27. The final appearance of the leader

3D text with blend effect

Using the technology of living transitions, based on two samples of text of different colors, different sizes and well located, to create a voluminous text by constructing a series of intermediate objects with characteristics that provide a smooth transition from one object to another.

For example, type any text, for example, such as shown in fig. 31. Then create a copy of it and paste it into the background with the command Edit => Paste in Back (Edit => Paste in the background). Change the color of the copy of the text, slightly reduce the font size and move it approximately as shown in Fig. 33.

Fig. 31. Source text with Character panel defining its parameters

Fig. 32. Copy of text with Character panel defining its parameters

Fig. 33. The position of the source text and its copies relative to each other

Break both copies of the text into separate vector outlines, each time selecting the desired copy of the text and applying the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create outline) - this operation allows you to translate text into curves and thereby create separate vector outlines for each letter. Select both copies of the text with the tool Direct selectionthen double click on the tool Blend (Communication) and in the opened parameters window set the blend options approximately as in fig. 35. Tie the upper left anchor points of the first letters of the copies of the text. As a result, two independent copies of the text will become externally a single three-dimensional object, approximately the same as shown in Fig. 36.

Fig. 34. The result of creating separate vector outlines for each letter

Fig. 35. Setting the blend transition parameters

Fig. 36. The appearance of three-dimensional text

Gradient text

In the usual way, text cannot be filled with gradient fill. However, some techniques will help to achieve this effect. For example, type the source text - note that the letters in the text should not be bold and should be at a sufficient distance from each other, therefore, in the Character panel, the parameter value Tracking (Tracking) will have to be made large enough. Select the text and turn it into a separate vector outline with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path), set in the window Fill (Fill) is a suitable gradient fill option.

Fig. 37. The source text with the Character panel defining its parameters

Fig. 38. The result of filling the text with a gradient (the appearance of the text and the settings of the Gradient panel)

To make the letters look more impressive, it’s nice to circle them using the command Object => Path => Offset Path ... (Object => Path => Path offset) with parameters approximately as in fig. 39. The appearance of the text will change - the letters will become wider, and their border will be smoothed out. And finally add the border (Stroke) a suitable color to the inner contours of the letter, having previously selected them with a tool Direct selection when the key is pressed Shift . Perhaps the final result will resemble rice. 42.

Fig. 39. Configuring Offset Path Settings

Fig. 40. The appearance of the text after the stroke along the path

Fig. 41. Highlighting the inner contours of letters

Fig. 42. The final appearance of text with gradient fill

Text with shadow

Creating plain text with the addition of shadow in Illustrator is not difficult due to the presence of the corresponding effects from the group Stylize or SVG Filter. Type the text, then color it appropriately, for example, using the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path) and fill with a suitable gradient. After that, cast a shadow, applying, for example, the command Effect => SVG Filter => AI Shadow_1 (Effect => SVG filter => Shadow), and the text will resemble the one shown in Fig. 45.

Fig. 43. Source

Fig. 44. The result of filling the text with a gradient

Fig. 45. The final appearance of the text with shadow

The situation is more complicated if you need to generate a gradient or texture shadow. But this is possible, though not for any text such a variant of the shadow will look successful. For example, type any text, for example, as in fig. 46. ​​Make a copy of the text layer by selecting the palette from the pop-up menu Layer the team Duplicate layer (Duplicate layers). Select the bottom layer with text in the layers palette - this will be the shadow, double-click on the tool Shear tool (Tilt) and set the text tilt parameters approximately according to fig. 47. The result will resemble fig. 48. After that, turn the text lying in the lower layer (the supposed shadow) into curves with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path), fill it with a suitable gradient and slightly shift if necessary. Perhaps the result will resemble rice. 49.

Fig. 46. ​​Source

Fig. 47. Setting Shear Tool options

Fig. 48. Appearance of the text after tilting its copy

Fig. 49. The final appearance of the text with a gradient shadow

Brush text

Brush painting ordinary printed text is not possible. However, it will be possible to do this if you first turn the text into a separate vector outline. Let's try to do this in practice - type any text and apply the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path). Then, set the fill and border options for the text and select a brush, when used, the text will look spectacular, for example, a brush Dry lnk. It is possible that the result will resemble rice. 51. It is extremely important to choose the best fill (Fill) and boundaries (Stroke) - in this case, green and white colors are selected, respectively. And finally, cast a shadow with the command Effect => Stylize => Drop Shadow (Effect => Stylization => Overlay the shadow) with the parameters approximately as in Fig. 52. Perhaps, in the end, the text will be like the one presented in Fig. 53.

Fig. 50. Source

Fig. 51. Appearance of text painted with Dry Lnk

Fig. 52. Setting Drop Shadow options

Fig. 53. The final appearance of the text, painted over with a brush

Эффекты с искажением текста

Adobe Illustrator позволяет делать надписи более эффектными, искажая их форму. Для примера создайте произвольный текст, превратите его в отдельный векторный контур командой Type=>Create Outlines (Тип=>Создать контур) и заполните подходящим градиентом . Выделите все буквы в надписи инструментом Direct Selection при нажатой клавише Shift, воспользуйтесь командой Effect=>Warp (Эффект=>Деформация) и выберите подходящий вариант деформации. В данном примере был установлен вариант Arc Upper при параметрах как на рис. 55, the inscription as a result may resemble the one presented in Fig. 56.

Fig. 54. Source

Fig. 55. Arc Upper effect settings

Fig. 56. The appearance of distorted text

Interesting options for text distortion can be achieved using tools from the group Warp tool (Warp Tools). Let’s try, for example, to create a graphic title distorted by a tool Wrinkle tool (Crumpled) and reminiscent of such a popular and often implemented using Adobe Photoshop program effect as the inscription "fire."

Create an arbitrary inscription on a black background, turn it into a separate vector outline with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path) and fill it with a suitable gradient, for example as in fig. 57.

Fig. 57. Source

Select the label by clicking on the text layer in the layers palette, activate the tool Wrinkle tool and with parameters approximately as in fig. 58 two-three times click on the inscription. If the obtained result does not satisfy you, then individual not very successful fragments of letters can be corrected by selecting with the tool Direct selection one nodal point and changing its position or curvature. The result may resemble pic. 59. Add an inner glow to the inscription by applying the command Effect => Stylize => Inner Glow (Effect => Stylization => Inner light) with parameters approximately as in fig. 60. It is possible that the resulting inscription will resemble the text shown in Fig. 61.

Fig. 58. Wrinkle Tool effect settings

Fig. 59. The appearance of distorted text

Fig. 60. Inner Glow Effect Settings

Fig. 61. The final appearance of the "fiery" text

Bordered text

Effective text edging is often obtained as a result of overlapping two or three text layers on which the same inscription has a slightly different position, color and, possibly, different blending and opacity modes.

Print any text with a fill and a border contrasting to it, for example, as in Fig. 62. Make a copy of the inscription and paste it in the foreground with the command Edit => Paste in Front (Edit => Paste to Front). Change the copy color for the fill color. Then turn one of the labels into a vector outline with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create path) and individually move each of the letters of the inscription so that the outline of the inscription below is viewed from under the top inscription. Perhaps the result will resemble rice. 64. And then it all depends on your imagination - for example, you can experiment with the opacity and blending mode of the inscription lying in the foreground. Setting for her in the palette Transparency (Transparency) Blend Mode Screen and transparency at 45%, you will get a heading like in fig. 65, and when mixing mode Luminosity and transparency at 90% - as in fig. 66. No less original heading options can be obtained if you then experiment with the team Object => Path => Offset Path ... (Object => Path => Path offset). In particular, if the one shown in Fig. 66 text option to impose a stroke with a path offset as in Fig. 67, we get approximately the same voluminous text as in Fig. 68.

Fig. 62. Source

Fig. 63. Modified copy of the text

Fig. 64. The initial version of the text with a stroke

Fig. 65. Text option with stroke and blend mode Screen

Fig. 66. Text option with stroke and blend mode Luminosity

Fig. 67. Setting Offset Path parameters

Fig. 68. The appearance of a voluminous text with a stroke

Very interesting options for edging text can be achieved by using one of the brushes as an outline. For example, create arbitrary text, turn it into curves with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create Path), fill with a suitable gradient and define the border color (Stroke) Make a copy of the text layer by selecting from the pop-up menu of the palette Layer the team Duplicate layer (Duplicate layers). Select the bottom layer with text in the palette of layers and in the palette Brushes (Brushes) Select a suitable brush. In this example, a brush was used. Dry lnk. It is possible that the result will resemble rice. 70.

Fig. 69. Source

Fig. 70. Appearance of text with a brush stroke Dry Lnk

Now let's try to create text with gradient fill. To do this, first create colored text with a contrasting border. Make a copy of the text layer by selecting from the pop-up menu of the palette Layer the team Duplicate layer (Duplicate layers). Select the bottom layer with text in the palette of layers, set it for it in the palette Stroke (Border) The width of the border, for example, 6 pixels. Turn the text of the bottom layer into curves with the command Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create Path), and then use the command Object => Path => Outline Stroke (Object => Path => Circle the border) - this will make it possible to fill the border with any gradients and patterns. Click on the Stroke window in the tool palette and set the appropriate gradient or pattern fill option for the border. The resulting text is shown in Fig. 73. Adding an unusual shadow will help to enhance the effect. To do this, use the command Effect => SVG Filter => AI Shadow_1 (Effect => SVG filter => Shadow), and the text will resemble the one shown in Fig. 74.

Fig. 71. Source

Fig. 72. Text with a wide border

Fig. 73. Text appearance with a gradient border

Fig. 74. Text appearance with gradient border and shadow

Now consider another option. Sometimes you want to create an inscription with a border that is at some distance from the text. Consider how to achieve a similar effect. Type the source text, use the commands Type => Create Outlines (Type => Create Path) and then Object => Path => Offset Path ... (Object => Path => Path offset) with parameters approximately as in fig. 76. The text will resemble the one shown in Fig. 77. Note that automatically the stroke gets the same color as the text, and in the palette Layer by