Learning the alphabet that precedes reading lessons is one of the cornerstones of early development. If you are the happy parents of a preschooler (or preschoolers), then almost certainly you too are familiar with the torment on the topic “when and how to teach a child letters”:
- To start classes almost from the cradle, using popular fashion techniques?
- Focus on this closer to school using traditional ABC or ABC?
- Search for your own approaches, focusing on the individual characteristics of the child and their pedagogical capabilities?
We hasten to reassure you: any of the indicated options has a right to exist. The main thing is that both you and the child should be comfortable.
Optimal age for familiarity with letters
To be honest, to name the optimal age for teaching a child to read and write - a task that does not have a clear solution. Children are all different. The conditions of upbringing are different for everyone. Opportunities for parents too. But almost all children by the age of 4 are sufficiently developed to study letters at home easily and have the expected effect.
There is a foundation
By the age of 4, children already have enough knowledge and skills to learn letters purposefully. The speech of the four-year-old is filled with complex turns, enriched with adverbs and adjectives. The baby already supports the conversation, masters retelling skills, consciously remembers poems and nursery rhymes. In passive bins there are general ideas about letters as symbols, thanks to which mothers and fathers read such interesting tales, stories, and nursery rhymes.
Kids pay attention to beautiful letters on posters and advertisements, on information stands and in public transport. Surely they already know some letters well, they are correctly named, or they can write them on their own.
However, even if they do not know, it does not matter. So, the most interesting is ahead =)
Easy to motivate
Children, the development of which was paid attention from an early age, at the age of 4-5 years show a sincere interest in independent reading. By the way, independence is one of the main age-related features of this period.
If a child wants to learn how to read independently, it will be really easy to teach him letters, because your little student is already motivated properly.
When a goal is clear, the road to it is incomparably easier than a path whose prospects are blurred and incomprehensible to the traveler.
Actively improving mental processes
Although the attention and memory of a four-year-old child is still characterized by the dominance of involuntaryness, the kids are already able to concentrate, memorize purposefully, and withstand 15- and 20-minute classes according to plan. Volumes of attention and memory are growing. Improving the accuracy of playback.
Studying letters at 4 years old, you train children's attention and memory, stimulating their further development - which means laying the foundation for future successes and achievements of the child.
Although the child is growing, the whole pre-school period, the main activity is still the game. If you want to make an educational lesson in learning letters effective, organize it in a playful way. Video lessons, in the range presented on modern educational Internet portals, educational cartoons and programs, will help to do this. We, in turn, have prepared for you several simple but effective recipes for how to effortlessly teach four-year-old letters.
- Colorize: at 4 years old fine motor skills are well developed enough for the young artist to cope with the coloring of the letters along the contour. The necessary coloring can be bought at any store with developing materials, create them yourself or download ready-made ones on the Internet and print them on a home printer.
- We cut out: old newspapers and unnecessary magazines are in every home. And in every newspaper and every magazine there are letters! We find familiar letters with the baby, and then ask him to cut them with safe baby scissors. You can cut whole headings, syllables, or single letters. It all depends on the quality of the publication, font size and your imagination.
- Glue: all preschoolers like to create applications. In the framework of teaching a 4-year-old child to literacy, we offer you to create applications from letters. You can ask your baby to stick letters cut out of newspapers and magazines on a piece of paper. And you can go further: prepare a sheet with large images of fruits, animals, vehicles, etc., and then stick to each picture a letter with which the name of the depicted object begins. Thus, you create your own alphabet, learn letters and develop fine motor skills. Bingo!
- Sculpt: plasticine, modeling dough, clay can help in learning the alphabet. How? Easily! Lay out a card with the letter in front of the child and offer to recreate it in the modeling process. Working hands, we activate thought processes. Do you remember that, according to Sukhomlinsky, the child’s mind is at the tips of his fingers? So we make the child smarter by stimulating him to create letters with his fingers.
- We feel: excellent ability to remember letters the ability to feel them tactilely. You can purchase finished materials with convex letters of different colors or make such materials yourself at home. The main thing is that your four-year-old has the opportunity to crush letters, feel them, identify different letters to the touch with eyes closed.
- Listen to: Talking posters that are popular today have become the best helpers for parents who are looking for effective methods for developing preschool children. You can fix such a poster on a cupboard, wall, door - anywhere - so that the baby freely turns it on at any time convenient for him. Choose those where they pronounce not letters (BE, BE ...), but sounds (B, C). Priority is given to posters with several modes (sounds, songs, tongue twisters, etc.). You can buy a talking alphabet in the form of a gaming tablet, laptop, book.
- We write: anywhere and anything: with a stick in the snow or sand during a walk, with a finger in semolina, flour or on a foggy window, we spread the letters with stones, twigs, seeds, beads ... This is very interesting and fun. Such an educational game will help the child learn the letters easily and without violence.
What should be remembered by parents who decided to teach the child letters:
- no violence, no coercion
- interest is above all
- We don’t teach, but play
- we realize why the child needs letters,
- don't forget to fix the learned letters,
- we focus on sounds - we need them to read,
- modern industry offers a lot of training materials, do not hesitate to use them.
Dear friends! You can share your experience in studying letters with a child 4-5 years old by leaving a comment or writing us a message in the VKontakte group. If you want to get more practical tips and tricks on how to learn letters with your child and teach a preschooler to read, stay tuned for our latest publications. We will help make your parenthood more effective and happy! See you soon!
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Learning letters - Polyakov's game technique
Perhaps the title of this article will seem immodest to you, and the author - arrogant. Perhaps you think that the author used such a title in order to attract the attention of readers.
Yes it is. The purpose of this heading is to draw your attention to the really most effective way to teach your child the letters of the Russian alphabet in the shortest possible time and to teach him how to pronounce these letters with sounds. You will see the simplicity and effectiveness of this method yourself by reading this article and starting to teach your child letters with it. After five classes, your child will know all 10 vowels well and begin to memorize consonants, even if before that he did not know a single letter. And, most importantly, he will learn letters in the process of games and will remember them firmly.
But first, a small digression. Before you begin to teach your child letters, you must decide why he needs it. Some parents are proud to be able to teach the letters of a two-year-old or even one and a half year old child. But this is only worth doing if at the same time you begin to teach your child to read. Any knowledge should immediately find its practical application. And learning letters by itself, without simultaneously learning to read, makes no sense. There are many other, no less effective, ways to develop a child’s memory and stimulate the brain during formation. It’s good if, by the beginning of reading instruction, the child forgets these prematurely learned letters and doesn’t pronounce them the way he was taught: Be, Ve, Ge. or Would you, gee. otherwise, it will be very disturbing to him when reading. You ask: "Well, if you teach a child letters and reading at the same time, then at what age is it better to start, is it already possible to start at two years old?" I believe that at home, in the family, a mother with a child of this age can already be engaged, but first for half a minute, and then for several minutes during the day. As a result of such "lessons", built in the form of a game, the child will develop the ability to concentrate on a particular occupation, and then starting from three years and even a little earlier, he can be taught to read in a group of children like him. Do not forget only that reading instruction, and especially early, should take place without coercion, in the game, against the background of positive emotions.
Game technique for studying ten vowels in 5 lessons
So, you set out to teach your baby to read books. You will begin, of course, by learning letters with him. In what order to teach them? Of course, not in alphabetical order and not in complete disarray, when the child is given a mix of vowels and consonants.
An important factor at the initial stage of teaching reading in warehouses is the child’s solid knowledge of ten letters representing vowels (for the sake of simplicity I will call them simply “vowels”). I have repeatedly drawn my attention to the fact that poorly reading children, even schoolchildren, uncertainly call vowels, and when reading they stammer, remembering whether Eor Ёor YU. Due to the paramount importance of knowing ten vowels for full reading (so that the child does not "stumble" in each warehouse), I developed this game technique for their quick study, which I have been successfully using for several years now.
The duration of each of the five lessons of this technique is several minutes. Lessons are held twice a week, and on the remaining days of the week, parents repeat the contents of the previous lesson with the child for two to seven minutes a day. I calculated that all teaching a child ten vowels using this technique takes a total of just over an hour.
The methodology is based on the principle of multiple display and simultaneous scoring of a group of characters with their gradual partial replacement, proposed by the outstanding teacher Glen Doman. In this case, the task is facilitated by the fact that in the Russian language vowels form pairs that seem to rhyme: A - I, O - E, U - Yu, S - I, E - E. I supplemented the multiple show with five reinforcing games that I developed.
- The purpose of this technique is to give the child a solid knowledge of ten vowels in five lessons. Often, parents believe that their child does not need this: "He has known all the letters from two years old." When you start showing him letters, it turns out that he does not know them well. Confused E from Ё or with YU, does not know E, S, sometimes thinks, remembering some letter. Before embarking on learning to read, the child's knowledge of all the vowels must be brought to automatism.
- From other ways of learning letters, which often only slow down their absorption and make it difficult to use (BUT - watermelon, AND - turkey or ABOUT - like a bagel, YU - Yulina letter, I AM - similar to a pole with a lantern, etc.), this technique is simple and effective.
Write or print vowels on thick white paper, each on a separate card: letters A, O, U, S, E - large bold red font on cards 12 × 10 cm in size, and I, Y, Y, Y, E - in bold blue font a little smaller on cards 9 × 10cm. In the first lesson you only need cards A, I, Oh, Yo.
On the back of each card, write this letter by hand for yourself, so as not to look at the front when showing letters to a child.
Classes can be taught by the teacher or from the child’s parents.
Showing the first two pairs of vowels (A - Z, O - E).
Fold two pairs of cards in a stack, as indicated in the left figure, with the back to you. Transfer the card closest to you BUT forward (as indicated by the arrow in the right figure) and show it to the child. Say: "This is - BUT". Then shift forward the next card and say:" This is - I AM", then -" This is - ABOUT"and then -" This is - Ё". Show each card for no longer than a second. Make it fun, in the form of a game. Look not at the cards, but in the child’s eyes to see where he is looking and to attract his attention. Letters BUT and ABOUT most children already know. You can pause and give the child the opportunity to name them himself. And the letters I AM and Ё call yourself quickly, before the child, so as not to give him the opportunity to make a mistake. And do not require the child to repeat them. Your task is to quickly show these four letters and at the same time recite a little rhyme:
"It - BUT"
"It - I AM"
"It - ABOUT"
"It - Ё"
Children can easily remember longer verses, and even more so, they will soon begin to repeat such a light poem on their own.
If you are a teacher, explain to the child’s mother who is in the classroom that she should show him and name these four letters daily until the next lesson at least five times a day. Let her do this for the first time in your presence so that you can correct her if she does not. Feel free to explain everything to your parents as thoroughly as their children, and to check how they understand you. Shuffle the cards. Ask mom to arrange them in the correct order. Then she should plant or put the child in front of her and look him in the eye while showing the letters. She should pronounce the letters unfamiliar to the child clearly before him. A typical mistake is when mom takes out the next letter and holds it in her other hand without covering it with the last letter. In this case, the child simultaneously sees two letters.
Tell your mom that all homework will take her half a minute a day, because one such show lasts five seconds. The important thing is not to miss them. Gradually, the pause after the word “This.” Needs to be increased, and the word itself should be pronounced with interrogative intonation, as if encouraging the child to name the letters himself. The child should simply name the letter. He must not say "this BUT"or" letter BUT". Give your mom the four letters you made, ask them to bring them with them to class.
By the beginning of this lesson, the children were already repeating for two to three days after their mother A, I, Oh, Yo and remember them well in that order.
Now with these four letters you need to play five reinforcing games so that the children firmly remember them both in the order of the learned rhyme, and separately.
Lay out four cards in pairs on the table in front of the child, calling them out loud in the order in which they were shown to him. After that proceed to the games.
a game. "Wind". Explain to the child that the red letters are big brothers and the blue letters are small brothers. Then say: "The wind flew and mixed all the brothers." Shuffle the letters yourself so that they do not turn upside down. Then let the child put them in order in pairs, calling out loud: BUT - nearby I AM, ABOUT - nearby Ё (at first with your help).
a game. "Hide and Seek." Cover smaller cards with large ones (red letters on top) and change the order of these pairs: “The little brothers hid under the big ones and swapped places so that Helen wouldn’t find them. Guess what little brother was hiding under the big brother ABOUT? Right under ABOUT hid Ё! And under BUT? Right, I AM!"
a game. "Prypryatki". You play the same way, but this time it is the other way around - the big brothers hide under the little ones.
a game. "Crow". Move your palms over the cards, arranged in the correct order, and say: "The crow flew, flew, flew, flew and ate the letter." Quickly cover one of the letters with your palm: "What letter did the crow eat?" It is better to drive with both palms at the same time, so that it is more difficult for the child to guess which letter you are going to cover. If he couldn’t answer quickly, tear off his palm for a moment and cover the letter again. If you don’t even say it, tell me, for example: "Next to ABOUT. Right, Ё! "Over time, the child will remember the location of the letters and will guess them easily.
a game. "Cards". Now play with the same cards with your child as adults play cards. You shuffle the cards, then throw a card on the table in front of him and ask: "What is this?" He called it right - he won and took the card, made a mistake - the other student takes it, and at home - his mother. Take your time to let other students give you suggestions, give your child some thought. First try to throw cards in pairs: first ABOUT, for her Ё, BUT — I AM etc. If the child wins confidently, throw in pairs, but in the reverse order. Then start throwing scatter.
Mom present at the lesson remembers and writes down how to play these five games at home. Играть нужно только один раз в день, если ребенок сам не просит больше. Но каждый раз прекращайте игру, пока он еще хочет играть: "В другой раз доиграем".
Показ трех пар гласных (А — Я, О — Ё, У — Ю).
After you have played five games with the first two pairs of letters, take out the next pair of cards you made U - U, write them on the back for yourself and add them to the pile (after the lesson, give this pile, all six letters, to your mother).
Now show the child three pairs of letters as you showed him in lesson number 1 two pairs. Only this time, the child names the first four letters, and you quickly call the last two yourself, without letting him make a mistake (remind this to mom). Give your mother the same instructions as in lesson number 1. By the next lesson in two or three days of the show, the child will remember a new rhyme:
"It - BUT"
"It - I AM"
"It - ABOUT"
"It - Ё"
"It - At"
"It - YU"
Give your mother these six letters you made, ask them to bring them with you to the next lesson.
Attention! After lesson number 2, the mother shows the child several times a day already these three pairs of vowels, but plays reinforcing games with him only for the first two pairs (A - I, O - Yo) once a day.
By the beginning of this lesson, the children had already learned the rhyme:
"It - BUT"
"It - I AM"
"It - ABOUT"
"It - Ё"
"It - At"
"It - YU",
and letters A, I, Oh, Yo thanks to five fixing games they know and randomly. Now you need to consolidate the knowledge of the last vowels they learned At and YU.
Showing three pairs of vowels (O - E, Y - U, S - I).
Take the first couple of cards away AND Iget the next pair you made S - AND, write the cards on the back for yourself and add them to the stack.
Starting from this lesson, each time you add a new pair of vowels, remove the first pair so that the total number of letters displayed does not exceed six. Now the cards are stacked in the following order.
Show your child these three pairs of letters as you did in previous lessons. As before, the child names the first four letters, and you quickly call the last two yourself, without letting him make a mistake (remind this to mom).
Give your mom all the letters you made, ask them to bring them with you to the next lesson. Tell your mother that all homework will now take her no more than six minutes a day and remind you that it is important not to miss any of them.
Attention! Please note that after this lesson, the child needs to show these three pairs of vowels several times a day, putting aside the familiar to him AND I. And in the evening, you only need to play fixing games with him only for the first three pairs: A - I, O - E, U - Yu (so far without S,— AND).
By the beginning of the fourth lesson, children know in pairs the following vowels: A - I, O - E, U - U, S - I, and the letters A, I, O, Y, U, U thanks to reinforcing games, they also know randomly. Now you need to consolidate the knowledge of the last vowels they learned S and AND.
Why teach a child the alphabet
The first knowledge of the alphabet and letters a person receives in early childhood. As a rule, according to the results of the first class, it is necessary to be able to read, write, and this is impossible without knowledge of letters.
In the modern world, children are developing rapidly, in the information age they used to master the alphabet, acquire knowledge of the rules of the Russian and even English languages. The alphabet is defined as a combination of certain letters and signs of a letter.
Young students face the question: “Why know the alphabet?”. Of course, you can speak without the knowledge of the alphabet, as proof of this are young children, because they do not know the letters at all, their systems of arrangement in the alphabet, but nevertheless, they can express their thoughts.
In addition to speaking, a socialized person must be able to read and write. In order to understand the text, write a letter, you need to know the written designation of sound. To learn any language, you need to master the alphabet.
At 5 years old, the child needs to know all the letters of the alphabet, this is necessary so that he successfully mastered the reading. Take an interest in what requirements to future first-graders are made by that school which you have chosen for further education of the child.
In some schools it will be enough if the child learns to merge direct and reverse syllables, in others it is necessary to read from 15 words per minute or more. The sooner you begin to learn the alphabet, the faster and easier the child will receive the necessary knowledge.
The alphabet is the basis of the intellectual development of man, thanks to him the development of sciences begins, knowledge is transferred. The alphabet is one of the most important components of the development of progress throughout civilization.
Showing three pairs of vowels (Y - Y, S - I, E - E).
This time you remove the first two pairs of cards AND I and Oh - yo, and take out the last pair you made E - E. Label these cards on the back for yourself and add them to the stack. The total number of letters displayed is six and the rhyme remains just as easy to remember. It is also important that the letters E and Ёthat children often confuse, never "meet" at the show: when the letter "came" E in the fourth lesson, the letter Ё already gone". Now the cards are stacked in the following order.
Show your child these three pairs of letters as you did in previous lessons. As before, the first four letters are called by the child, and new for him E and E you quickly call yourself, not allowing him to make a mistake (once again remind about this and mom). Give your mother all ten letters you made, ask them to bring them to class. Tell her that all homework will now take her no more than six to seven minutes a day and remind her that it is important not to miss a single one.
Attention! Please note that after this lesson, the child needs to show the last three pairs of vowels several times a day, putting aside familiar to him AND I and Oh - yo. And in the evening, you need to play fixing games for the first four pairs with him once: A - I, O - E, U - U, S - I (so far without E, E).
Article provided by the site "7 steps to the book"
At what age to learn the alphabet with a child
Almost all parents think about at what age they should begin to teach a child to read and write, the basics of language. Some mothers and fathers believe that it is not necessary to bore the child with classes in the development of speech and writing, they believe that they will be taught this at school. The modern education system requires first graders to already be able to distinguish letters and read.
Before you begin to engage in teaching a child the alphabet on your own, you need to find out the opinion of experts about what age to start learning and how to correctly resolve this issue. The wrong approach to this matter can provoke an aversion to the learning process in the child, which will delay the development of letters for a long time.
Some parents are of the opinion that you need to start learning the alphabet from six months, there are special techniques that advanced parents use, of which, in fact, there are very few. If we consider such parents and parents who do not deal with this issue at all, then we can call this process “from extreme to extreme”.
If you start learning a child from one year old, then there is a high probability of forgetting letters, due to lack of practice. Experts consider the optimal age from 4 to 5 years, at this time the child begins to be interested in interesting facts that he can read in the book, which will contribute to the practice of memorizing letters, at this age there is no chance that the child will forget the alphabet before school.
If the desire of parents to teach the alphabet to children who are not yet 4-5 years old is too great, then you can use various video courses for kids. Now there are many educational videos, cartoons, songs, listening to which children will remember the letters.
The same effect can be achieved if you engage with your child in various types of applied art. Applications, cutting, drawing, mother can sew volume letters with her child. Making and learning one letter a week will be enough for the child to remember it. In addition, all this only has a good effect on the development of fine motor skills.
What is the best way to conduct classes
The first and main rule that the parent should remember: the child does not need to be tired of studying the alphabet. Everyday "lessons" can be held literally 10 minutesbut systematically.
First you need to gently show the child letters, for example, cut them out of colored paper and hang them in the room, thereby he will visually get used to them.
The parent needs to learn that there is no need to torment the child with “exams”, to forcefully demand a result; it is necessary to instill in the child’s form a “love” of letters. First you need to explain why you need to know the letters. For example, to show the child posters with his favorite characters and read the inscriptions on them, read books at night, thereby instilling a love of reading.
As you know, the child repeats all the actions for the parents, tries to be like them, therefore, as an example of imitation, you should try to read books in the presence of the child, which will undoubtedly arouse his curiosity for this process.
When studying letters, you do not need to create confusion in the child’s head, that is, do not say “ge”, “be”, this is a different pronunciation, you need to learn either sounds or letters.
But, as the practice of more experienced and older mothers, whose children are already learning to read, shows, it is better to teach the child exactly the sounds. This will facilitate the process of merging two letters into a syllable. The child will try to combine the sounds “b” and “a” in “va” rather than “ve” and “a”. Often, children who have learned to pronounce letters have difficulty connecting them into syllables.
By connecting motor memory, you can cut out the letters, sculpt them. In a game form, you can lay out letters from various objects that come across to you. There is no need to set a specific time at which letters will be studied every day, the parent must understand at what time of the day the child is ready to devote minutes to studying them.
Some children learn the language with the help of magnets in the form of letters, this approach is interesting to many. In addition to the visual study of letters, they need to learn to write, which will help to quickly remember the signs of the alphabet.
Preparing to learn the alphabet with a child
Before starting to teach a child the alphabet, parents need to prepare themselves mentally for this process, since not all children learn letters and sounds right away, each child needs to find his own approach.
Having patience, you can proceed to the next stage, namely the “implementation” of the letters in the child’s life, their distribution in the apartment in the form of tablets, magnets, you can purchase a special chalk or marker board on which to write letters daily, you should also try to draw the child’s attention to letters in various shops, on the street, in signboards.
Do not rush to learn as many letters as possible with your child in a short time. Let you spend a few days on one letter, but then it is firmly entrenched in the baby’s head.
After learning letter "A", ask the child to name as many words as possible with this letter or words that begin with it: "car", "stork", "bus" and so on. And exactly the same with the other letters. When he learns a few letters, ask to name words that contain combinations of certain sounds already familiar to him.
Mom or dad should go to the bookstore in order to buy the alphabet and the most basic, simple copybooks. The alphabet should be extremely understandable to the child, so scroll through it before buying, see if all the words-associations in it are simple and well-known to the child, the letters in the book should be printed in good font, bright color.
Now in children's toy stores there are a considerable number of special rugs with letters, which, when pressed, are voiced, if possible, they should be purchased, this will speed up the process of learning the alphabet.
Currently in the store you can buy letters-toys, which are made of fabric and filler. These “tools” can be made by mothers themselves if they have basic knowledge of sewing.
Toy letters will interest the child with their appearance, brightness, the child will be interested in making elementary words out of them. Having placed them in the children's room, the child will begin to get used to the type of letters; from time to time, you can unobtrusively remind the child of the meaning of a symbol.
Handmade letters Hand Made can be used in training, they are made of colorful cardboard, cut out in the form of any figures, characters that begin with a certain letter.
Applications, drawing, board games
To learn the alphabet with a child, you can use various cards in board games, arranging them in order, making up the words "mom", "dad" and others. You can draw letters, cut them out and also learn the alphabet in a playful way.
Some mothers make applications with children by sticking letters from colored paper on cardboard. By the way, here you can immediately cut consonants from blue, green, brown, and vowels from red, yellow or orange. This will positively affect the child's understanding of the concepts of consonants and vowels and sounds.
There are many copyrighted methods that were developed by psychologists at different periods. Special kits for learning letters using the Montessori method have been released. It is based on the tactile sensations of the child, it is thanks to them that he remembers the letters. Special cartoons with musical accompaniment have also been developed.
For the youngest children from the age of six months, there is a Japanese technique in which children are shown letters on cards and pronounce them, the child remembers. It is worth noting that even without speech development, he can point his finger at the letter, the meaning of which he is asked.
Tips & Tricks
The main recommendations are that the child learning the alphabet should take place in the most natural setting, without coercion and violence. A parent must be a subtle psychologist who understands his child, his desires and possibilities.
It is not always easy to agree with a child at the age of 5, but you can resort to a game form of training that will help you master the alphabet. If the child refuses to study, it means that he is not interested, the task of the parents in this case is to convince the child of the importance of knowledge.
The best option, of course, is when the child himself begins to show interest in reading. Therefore, parents need to arouse curiosity in the letters of the child.
With the child's categorical refusal to study letters, play special games, it is worthwhile to step back for a while and wait until the child is ready for the learning process.
You never need to compare your children with others, each child is individual, special, has his own pace of development, there are often cases of a sharp jump in the development of children after a long "stagnation".
Instead of a conclusion
In any case, no matter what method the parents choose, learning the alphabet is necessary. The main thing is to do this not intrusively, so as not to discourage the child’s desire to learn.
Well, the second requirement is systematic. Every day for 10 minutes of classes and success in mastering the alphabet is guaranteed.
See also related articles
Thank you for the article. A lot of useful stuff. And we practice cutting and applique. The main thing is that the study of letters is in an unobtrusive way. And we draw them on the sand with a stick, on the asphalt with chalk, and on the table with flour. In general, letters now live everywhere.
Hello! In the article, you do not say anything about the fact that there is a pre-quaternary period, which, in fact, helps the child to understand the sound merging process when learning to read. So, you should not recommend that parents study the alphabet with the child (after all, this is an automated series, which, of course, children go to school, like the days of the week, the names of the months that, on the contrary, children should know when entering school). Dear Parents! Studying in the game with the baby should be “portraits” of letters called sounds, and it’s necessary to systematically remind the little student that the portrait is a letter that we see and can write, fold, blind, draw, and sound we don’t see, we only hear and pronounce it.
Thank you for your comment. Although, our children in kindergarten have already read in syllables and quite successfully. They were taught letters and syllables. Yes, and examples within 20 taught them how to solve
Learning letters: where to start
In what order to learn letters? Do I need to learn the alphabet? Start with vowels or consonants?
Let's be clear, so:
1. No need to learn letters in alphabetical order.
2. Do not learn letters intermittently: vowels or consonants.
3. Be the first to learn with your child 10 letters representing vowels.
We wrote in detail about how to learn 10 vowels in 5 lessons. The technique is really very effective and simple. Any mom can handle it.
4. Consonants are best taught after vowels.
5. Name the sounds, not how the letter is pronounced in the alphabet.
Why is it important to learn 10 vowels well?
As practice shows, poorly reading children stammer because they forget how vowels are read. So that the child does not “stumble” during reading, do not rush while studying the letters. Pay attention at the initial stage to the vowels: how they are pronounced, how they look in the letter. And only after that go on to the consonants.
How to teach a child the alphabet in 3-4 years
If you decide to teach a child letters at 3 years old, remember that nothing can be done through force, only games, only entertaining exercises and NO FORCES. These recommendations are relevant for any age, because you do not want to develop a reluctance to study and go to school in the future.
- Не ждите, что ребенок сразу запомнит много букв. Не преследуйте цель выучить весь алфавит, на это потребуется время.
- Два раза в неделю давайте ребенку новый материал, а в остальные дни повторяйте и закрепляйте пройденное.
- С ребенком 3-4 лет достаточно заниматься 2-7 минут в день.
- Учите гласные парами, так ребенку будет легче запомнить: А — Я, О — Ё, У- Ю, Ы — И, Э — Е.
- Before introducing a child to consonants and starting reading instruction, make sure that all vowels are fully automated.
How to Learn Consonants: A Game Technique
There are more consonants than vowels. Studying them will require more patience, strength and time. But everything will work out if you strictly follow the recommendations and do not rush.
Prepare the table. Each table consists of six rows. In the top line, write or type in blue solid consonants, green - soft. In the remaining lines write short open syllables.
- Sing vowel songs with your child: in a coarse low voice A, O, U, S, E and high thin voice I, Y, Y, Y, E.
- Pronounce consonants clearly on the top line of the table. In each lesson, work with 6 tables.
IMPORTANT! Make sure that the child and you yourself pronounce the consonants cleanly, so that after them no extraneous vowels are heard S or I. Eif the child gets used to talking Ds FROMs instead of clear sounds D, FROMthen it will be wrong to read.
Hardest to pronounce clear sounds B, C, D, D, B, B, G, D. The rest is easier, especially deaf.
Teach your child to pronounce correctly 3 and B for example, very simple. Ask the child: “How big is the mosquito buzzing?” Z-Z-Z. Not no 3s and ZZZZ! Mosquito can't talk 3s he does ZZZZ. And how is the little mosquito buzzing? Zb zb. Komarik can't speak 3and, he does Zb zb. That's what we call these letters: ZZZZ and Zb zb«.
- Sing the syllables in the same way as you did with the vowels.
- Show the child the letter in the tables B and say it's called a soft sign. Remind him of her name from time to time.
Letter B does not mean sound, but only indicates the softness of the consonant.
- Write on a separate card Th. What is the sound of this sound? Give examples of words that begin with this sound: iodine, yogurt, yogi.
The very name of the letter "AND short ”the child will learn later when he learns the alphabet. From time to time, remind your child of this letter, SPEAKING WITH HER SOUND.
- Return to these tables several times a day and sing along with the child the stores. Do it regularly.
- When you see that the child is doing everything right, replace 2 tables with two new ones.
The technique is the same. Sing all 6 tables daily with your child. As a result, the child will repeat the old ones and learn 2 new letters.
- Replace 2 tables again with two new ones, etc.
If you adhere to the plan “2 times a week, new, on other days we repeat”, your child will learn 32 letters of the Russian alphabet per month. FROM B you will introduce the child later, when he begins to read and meets this letter in words.
IMPORTANT! There are twin sounds and warehouses in Russian: FF, FF, FF, FF, FF, FF, FF, FF, FF, FF. They are written in different ways, but they sound the same! Be sure to pay attention to this child.
How to teach a child the alphabet in 5-6 years
The age of 5-6 years is the most optimal for learning the alphabet and starting learning to read. It is better when the child goes to school prepared. It is IMPORTANT only to cook it correctly so that the teacher does not have to retrain, and the child suffers because of the inept actions of the parents or the compassionate grandmother who wanted “the best”.
All the same techniques that have been described in detail for teaching the alphabet of children 3-4 years old are also applicable with preschoolers 5-6 years old.
If your child already knows some of the letters, you can speed up the process a bit: learn and repeat vowels at the same time as consonants. In parallel, you can learn to read syllables.
The most important thing at this age is to pay attention to SPEECH CORRECTNESS. If necessary, consult a speech therapist to help deliver the right sounds, because success in learning at school directly depends on this.
A common problem at this age is sound. R. You can work with your child yourself, regularly performing special exercises.
Dear readers! Share in the comments your experiences and opinions on how to teach your child the alphabet.
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